In building a PC in 2018, one must first choose the components available on the internet. ExtremeTech shows a newbie how to build a PC in 2018. Its experts say the actual assembly process is not usually all that difficult, but choosing the right components can be a bit difficult unless one is experienced in the use of computer components.
First, in choosing the CPU or GPU to determine what the computer can do under a specific user’s demand should correspond with the chassis that one selects, since the PC case defines what kind of CPU and GPU one can install, what peripheral and storage options are, and what cooling equipment can be installed.
So the PC case (or casing) is of prime importance before buying the CPU. There are mainly three categories of case towers: the full tower, mid tower, and mini tower, and one should be aware that there’s an overlap between the case and motherboard sizes. Experts say small cases are usually harder to work with, these sizes give one less room to maneuver when installing or removing components and because one may have to install hardware in a specific order.
Then consider the cooling options. These range from the heatsinks AMD and Intel ship with their boxed processors to various cryptic multi-stage Freon units and fan-less oil immersion rigs. Most PC builder-enthusiasts opt for ordinary air cooling methods. ExtremeTech says the typical CPU coolers from AMD and Nvidia, for instance, will entirely keep the CPU within normal operating temperatures and running fine, even under more massive load.
Of course the motherboard. The motherboard one chooses shapes the capability of the system and how much expandability one can expect in the future. Three basic motherboard types are available in the consumer market. In their order of size, these are the Mini-ITX, Micro-ATX (mATX), and ATX.
Here are their differences: ATX motherboards are full-sized standard products, with usual seven expansion slots. mATX boards are shorter and have fewer slots, while ITX boards have the fewest expansion and memory slots of all three. Consumer experts say most users won’t notice the difference between an ATX versus a mATX board as far as features or capabilities are concerned, while an ITX board may require various tradeoffs even on low-level features.
Next, we go to the CPU. This component and the motherboard are interrelated. Central Processing Units fit into sockets on motherboards, which means the motherboard has to have the appropriate number of pins (or holes, in AMD’s case). This is usually referred to as a socket standard. It should be noted that the motherboard box tells which is which (concerning DRAM), and since DDR3 is moving out of the market, DDR4 should be the only solution one could worry about as far as DRAM is concerned.
Next is the GPU. Experts advise that one can do away with a GPU for the moment, and use whatever one presently has. Two significant GPU issues are the physical size of the card and its overall power consumption. With the use of dual slot cards, there is a higher demand for the PC. The other components that need to be chosen are the PC’s power supply, RAM, and storage.